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ԧ

ԧ (Zingiber officinale) 繾ת١ѹҧҧҧ㹨ѧѴҧ 駷ҧҤ 觴 ѧѴ ШǺբѹ ҤҧѧѴû ҹ ҭ Ҥ˹ͷѧѴྪúó § § ͧҡ繾תżԵ٧ ˹ҤҴ ǹªҡǹͧӵԹ (rhizome) ¡ 觢ԧ ͡ҡʴ ͧ Сͺäҹ ѧöҷͧ ѡä мԵѳҧ觨˹·㹻еҧ ԧ֧繾תӤѭҧɰԨաԴ˹觷նöżԵҵҴҧ
Էʵ : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
ǧ : Zingiberaceae
: ԧŧ, ԧᴧ (ѹú) , ԧ͡ (§) , (ͧ͹) , ԧҹ, ԧç, ԧ, ԧ, ԧ͡ (Ҥҧ) , (չ)

ѡɳзҧġʵ

˧/ӵԹ
ԧ繾ת㹡ǡѹѺ Т ӵ鹢繡 ӵ˧Թ ѡ¡ 觢ԧǢԧ (Rhizome) ǹҺ ªҡش Ǣԧѡɳ ᵡᢹ͡ ͧ͡բͧͧ͹¾ѹ ͡͡չӵͧ ҡᵡ͡ҡ ʹҹͧ ա੾ ǹӵ˹ʹԹлСͺ᡹ӷѡɳ繻ͧ ١¡Һ§٧

ӵ
СҺǹ˹觢ͧӵᷧ͡ҡ˧ӵԹ ٧ҡ鹴Թҳ 0.30-1 Сͺ Һ § բ 鹵 ǹʹѹ駵ç ҧ駾Ѻŧҹҧ ͺº ǹ ҧx ҳ 1.8-4 x 15-20 ૹ 鹡ҧͧҧѴਹ

͡
ԧ͡͡繪 繾ת͡͡͵Դ 辺͡͡ҧ㹺ҧѹ ҾǴ١ ʹ͡͡ç㨡ҧͧ˧ աҹ 10-20 ૹ Сͺ´͡ Сպ͡ӹǹҡ պ͡ǻҳ 4-7 ૹ պͧ͡ ʹ͡ҹᴧʴ§


ѹԧ

1. ԧ 繢ԧդسҾ 繷ͧâͧҤصˡҡش 繾ѹ觢ԧ¹ 3
- á 繢ԧբҴ˭ 觢ԧҴҳ 2 ૹ ǻҳ 17-22 ૹ բҴ˭ҹ
- ͧ С 繢ԧ觢Ҵ դسҾ¡Ңԧá ͧͧ͡͹ ͧӵŨ֧ͧ ͢ԧʪҵԴ ա 繷ͧâͧҴҧ

2. ԧԹ Ѵ繢ԧҡ աç չѹ¡й٧Ңԧ 3
- á 繢ԧ 3 3
- 2 繢ԧ 2 2
- 3 繢ԧ繪
ҴԧͧԹ û 觹ԧẺСѹҧ 3 2 ѵǹ 20 80 ѹԧ١㹻Թ 2 ԧ⤪Թ ѡɳչӵ͹ͧ Тԧԡѵ ա蹤й ֧ӵᴧ ¡ѺԧͿԡ

3. ԧͿԡ 繢ԧҨҡ բҴ硡 ͡ҹ͡͵ҡ駨ѡɳ չӵҢԧ⤪ԹͧԹ աç դسѵԷҧ͹ԧ ʪҵҢԧ ǹ͢ԧͧ͹֧չӵ͹ ԧͿԡբ ҡ ٻ繢ԧ

4. ԧչ 繢ԧբ ¹ҡ ա¡Ңԧ ͹ Ѻٻ繢ԧͧ йѡä

5. ԧ 繢ԧ ѡ ¹ ͡ҹ͡º բ ͢ԧͧ͹֧ӵ͹ աعѴ

6. ԧ 繢ԧ١ 觢ԧբҴ ç ͢ԧͧ


ԧ¨ṡҴ ѧ
1. ԧ˭ ͢ԧǡ 繢ԧѡɳǺ˭ բ ҡ ¹ 紵 ͢ԧͧ͹ 觡 Тԧ͹Ѻ˹繢ԧѺзҹʴ


2. ԧ ͢ԧ ѡɳ ҡ բҡ ˹Һ ͧ ҡ ա蹩عҡҢԧ˭ ӵչҴ硡Ңԧ˭ ١Ѻٻ ԧ ԧ ʡѴҡԧ 繵

ԧ繾תͺҡȪ س٧ 鹷㹡û١ҡӺѧҧ 觻١ԧդдѺ 80-100 ǵͻ դ٧ҡдѺӷ 4,000-5,000 ص Թ㹡û١ 繴Թǹ Թѵ٧ к¹Ӵ դ繡ô - ҧ ҳ 6-6.5 ҡҴԹ繡ôҡٹͻѺҾԹҳ 200-400 š
Ĵ١û١ԧ
- û١Ĵٽ ԧ١¡ѹҨ繢ԧ͹͢ԧǹ˭繢ԧ١Ĵٽͺû١ԧĴٽ١Ĵٽ ҧ͹¹֧͹Ҥͧء
- û١͡Ĵٽ ¨зӡû١Ĵ˹ ҳ͹Ҥ֧͹Ҿѹ

û١ԧ

Թ û١ԧ 2 鹷 ẺҺ зԧҷդҴ§ ûԺѵԤͷӡ䶴Թҡ 7 ѹ ǹԹǹ û١ẺҺ¡ͧ٧ҳ 15-20 ૹ ٻ ҧҧͧҳ 50-70 ૹ ǹ鹷Ҵ§ԧ ѧҡ䶴Թ ǹԹǷӡ¡ͧ ǡͧ֡ҡ Ẻ鹺ѹҧҧͧҳ 50-70 ૹ ͹١ٹǻҳ 200-400 š ءҡѺԹ͹¡ͧ ôӷ 15-30 ѹ ŧͻ١

û١ 觵ѡɳСû١ 2 Ըդ
1. û١¹ӽ ҡͧ ӷ͹ѹҧŧ١ ͧǡ ҧѹҳ 20-25 ૹ ǷӡáźԹ йӿҧ ˭Ҥ ¤ͧ١աͻͧѹѪת úǹ ºѧᴴ˹͹ Ъ纤
2. û١¹ӪŻзҹ ¡û¹ͧ١ ǹû١л١ѹͧ٧ҳ 15-20 ૹ ¢ش֡ҳ 4-5 ૹ л١ҧѹ 30-35 ૹ ҧǻҳ 50-70 ૹ ͧʴصҧ

2 Ըդ Ẻ¹ӽ СẺŻзҹ ੾СẺŻзҹ ԨóҡӢԧ¡ҡ ҡ¡ҡ жҡù ԭԺҪ

ɵá ҧ¨¤͡ آԧ 2 ͹͢ԧ 4 ͹ Шٵ 15-15-15 2 ͹ 4 ͹ٵ 13-13-21 ѵ 50 . ҡѹ ¨оٹ⤹ԧء駷 ѧն١Ǿѹ ШзǾѹ

ѧࡵشҵ鹢ԧ 㺢ԧ ҡͧʴҢԧ ػҳ 8-12 ͹ ӡö͹ǹҵѴ ҧ繢ԧ ǹâ繢ԧ͹ ҡҤҴըж͹ػҳ 4-6 ͹ ǹҡҳ͹ áҤ- ԧҤ Ͷ͹ǹҵѴҧ觵Ҵ



â¾ѹԧ

͹ѹԧ
äҷԴҡẤ еԴ仡Ѻ͹ѹԧԴäкҴŧ١ ѧ鹵ͧ͹ѹ͵Դ »ԺѵԴѧ
1. ͡͹ѹԧҡ觷äкҴҷӾѹ 繷͹ѹ ó ¢ͧ÷äŧ Ͷ ˭ ѹ ػҳ 10 - 12 ͹
2. ӡõѴ觷͹ѹ좹Ҵ 2-3 մҴä մ㹹Ҧä š 70 % (šҧ) ͡ (ҿ͡Ң) 10% йմ 2 ѴǾѹԧѺѹ մáѴǾѹԧ稡ѹմͨеѴ ѹԧ仡áҵѴ մѺѹѴлͧѹ͵Դ仡ѺմѴ͹ѹ
3. ǾѹԧѴ㹹ҦẤ һԪǹ ҫ¤Թ 40 ᤺ŵ͹Ҵ 20 Ե 20-30 ҷ Ӣ
㹷駹ҷ ׹ⴹʧᴴسҾѧ鹨еͧҷء
4. Ǿѹҡѹŧա š ѹä⤹Ҩҡ ѵ 40-50 / 20 Ե ҡѹŧ տ ѵ 20-30 / 20 Ե мèѺ㺴 ЪҵԴ͹ѹբ

Ƿ͹ѹ
ӡǷ͹ѹ 10-12 ͹ѧҡ١ ѧࡵҡӵ ͢ԧҧ͹ 8 㹡ǹҡ繾鹷 ôӷŧԹ͹ǡ͹֧ʹ֧ҡ ҡҴԹ͡ Ѵҡ͡ ¡觷ѺӾѹ ͡觷Ǻ˭Ȩҡä ŧ

ѡҷ͹ѹ (Seed rhizome)
ԧաþѡ 1-3 ͹ ֧ѡҾѹԧ㹷 ¡͹纤èջͧѹäŧ¹ǾѹاҢ ͹ 㹹 練 30-40 /20Ե š 30-40 / 20 Ե ФԿ ѵ 20-30 ml./ 20 Ե ҹ 10-15 ҷ ͹Ҽ麹ͪ㹷ҡȶдǡ Ҩһ١áͧѹԧ麹鹴Թ ШзԴäŧԴѧǾѹѡ


äת㹢ԧ

äҷԴҡẤ (bacterial wilt or rhizome rot of ginger)


ҡä
ҡáѧҡ١ҷ ͹ҧ ǵŧ Ҩǹʹ ͧ ҡèФ ҡҧ٧ѧǹ 㹷ش㺨ǹͧ駷駵 dz⤹˹ͷᵡ͡ѡɳЪөӹ 觵Ҩѡش͡Ҩҡ§ ա ͵Ǩٷӵ鹨оǹ繷͹ҷ ж١դ͹ҵ ͧ͡Ấ繢ͧբǢ鹤¹ҹ͡ҵç µѴͧ觢ԧä Ѻ觨ҡ鹷ʴҡäáҡӢҼ͡ оªҩӹ繻 ੾觷ѧ͹ ҡèзդعç͢ԧդҢ ҡҹҧǴ ੾ҾҡȪ͹ ʴҡèѡѺ 5-7 ѹ ҧ ҡ÷ ҷԴҡ ҡèФ µ鹨 ͧ ùе ҡתе¡Ҩͧҹҹ͹͡ҹ Ш辺͡˹ǢǢ蹷dzӵ觷͹ Ấ
˵ä : Pseudomonas solanacearum
ûͧѹӨѴ
1. ͡ͷ͹ѹԧҴȨҡ ͨҡ觷ä
2.ҡͷ͹ѹҴȨҡäӤѭ͹١ҧ觢ԧ¹ӨҴ¡͹ѧԴŶ͡ªӢ鹡Ѻ͡
3. ա§û١ԧŧ㹴ԹäкҴҡ͹㹾ת ѹ ԡ ٺ ǵҧ ʧ Ǿ

ä㺨ش (leaf spot)

ҡä
ä㺨شͧԧԴҡäокҴ·ͺзء觷աû١ ҧ駡ҨСäӤعçҡǴӹкҴҡ ռŷ Եŵ բҴ硹˹ѡ
Ҩҷ·駵㺢ԧ ҡشөӹͧ ҨФ ˭Ũشǧ Ҵش仨ૹ (1-5 .) ͵çҧ駺ҧբǹ͹ҵ͹ ǡѹоաҧ fruiting body 繨شմ 繷ԴͧʻͧԴ鹷dzŴ شҹ繹ҹ Ф ҧŧ 㹷شТҴش͡ҡ㺷Դҡپع鹷 Ĵٽͪǧդ٧ͺشŨѡɳЪөӹͧմǧ halo ͺ ѺСҹŨѡɳǡѹ ǧ halo ͺ 㺢ԧʴҡҡ ͧ ͺ ͧҡ ᵡ͹ мԵŴŧ
˵ä : Phyllosticta zingiberi
ûͧѹӨѴ
1. ͧҡ Phyllosticta sp. ԴäѺ㺾ת ͨѡɳ air-borne ҡ ûͧѹӨѴä¡éմ蹴զҵҧ ᤻᷹ ෹ 45 ູŷ ҧҧ˹繤駤 աкҴͧäԴ鹷ء 5-7ѹ ЪŴ¢ͧäŧ
2. ѴѪת㹡ǡѺԧ Ѻɫҡ 㺢ԧäҡŧ١

ŧѵ٢ԧ

˹͹еᵹԹ : ѴԹҧ໹ ¾蹴ä 85% ѺǾѵ 30-40 ͹ 20 Ե
: 駨ҡ⤹ ¾蹴ä⺫Ό 20% իѵ 50Եõ͹ 20 Ե
: 觢ԧ繨ش բǢҴشкҴҡС͹ ͹šغͨ͹ѹ͹ 53% իѵ 1 Եõ͹ 20 Ե ҹ 10 ҷ

§෤շѹ㹡â¾ѹת ͧҡ¾ѹǴתʹä ͡ҡêѡԴ繵㹢Ǵ ѧѡҾתҧԴҧ ֧Ѻâ¾ѹתͷ͹ѹЧµ͡â дǡ͡ѡ١й͡Ĵ Ŵ鹵͹µ鹾ѹ͡ҡǴ öͷ͹ѹҡǴŧ١ҾҵѵҡʹԵ٧ Ѩغѹšդ㹡üԵǾѹ좹Ҵ㹾תªԴ 繵 ͡дѺ Ŵ Сת ѹ 繵


üԵԧʹä

1. §͢ԧʹä
Ѵ͡Ңԧҡ觢ԧʹäǨͺ¹ѡäתաҷ¢ͧäԧ ҿ͡§ ҳ鹡ҢԧзӡõǨͺҷ¢ͧäա駡͹ӵ鹡Ңԧ͡١

鹡Ңԧǡ§

鹡Ңԧǡ§
Ǵк Bioreactor


2.µ鹡Ңԧ͡١
ӢǴ͢ԧ͡ҧҡѺҾҡȢͧç͹л١3-5 ѹ Ƿӡµ鹡͡١ҡպ֧ ҧ͡ һͧѹ 15-20 ҷ ١ʴػ١շ㹶ҴЪǹ͹غ㹵ѡҤ 30 ѹ
͵鹵駵 ç ᵡʹ ͡ҧç͹ҧʧ 50 繵 ͵鹡 2 ͹ »١ŧاҴ 8 x 10 ʴػ١ ź :о: : ٵ 16-16-16 ѵǹ 1:1:1:0.01 ҧا١ç͹¡ ԺѵԴ äŧմһͧѹӨѴ ٵ 16-16-16 ا 1 ͹ ء͹ 6 ͹ ¹ٵ 13-13-21 1 ͹ ͹ ش


鹡Ңԧ㹶ҴЪ 1 ͹

鹡Ңԧ㹶ا 1 ͹

鹢ԧ 4 ͹ () 鹡Ҩҡ Bioreactor ()

鹡Ҩҡ


͡ҡԧͧøҵͧ蹡ѹ֧éմ蹷ҧ㺷ء ͹ѵй͵鹢ԧ 10-12 ͹ ǾѹԧǨä͹ѹԧʹäͻ١ͨ˹ĴٶѴ

觢ԧ 4 ͹ ҡ鹡§к Bioreactor

觢ԧ 4 ͹ ҡ鹡§

鹢ԧ 10-12 ͹

觢ԧҡ 12 ͹


ɵԹҡ 2,549 ¡ Ըշշش㹡Թ ;Թҷҹͧ㹪ͧԹ




ԧ ( 1 ¡ )

ԧŴ

Թ A93

ԧŴ

MgO 0.02%+Fe 0.04%+Mn 0.01%+Cu 0.01%+Zn 8.5%

ѹԵ : 2017-11-10

1 Ե Ҥһա ԡ
LINE @allkaset Ҥ觤ԡ