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ͧҹաҡ¾ѹ ҧҹҨѡ ¹ ԧѧաաªԴ 駡·ҹ »дѺ͡§ͧ ա㹡 ͡¹ҡѧöᵡ͡ա¾ѹ
·١ѹءѹ ѡҹҡ ն蹡Դµѹ͡§ ͡á ᶺªҡ¡ѹҹҹ һѵԤ ͧ¨¹ѡ 繷ѹ 繼骹Դá褹ᶺ͹ ੾µѹ͡§١á͹ѡô

Էʵ : Musa sapientum Linn.
ǧ : MUSACEAE

ѡɳзҧġʵ

ӵ
ӵԹ¡ ˧ (rhizome) յ (bud) 觨ԭ繵Դ ˹ (sucker) ˹ ¡ ᵡ ˹ͷԴ ͵鹷˹ʹԹ ԧӵ ¡ ӵ (pseudostem) ǹԴҡѴѹ蹢ͧҺ ԴҡشԭͧӵԹ Һ㺨Ъ١ҹ зشԭ աԭ繴͡ѧҡشԭͧ ش¡͹Դ͡ ¡ 㺸

͡
ͧ͡͡繪 (inflorescence) 㹪ʹ͡ѧաͧʹ͡繡 ҧͧʹ͡ЪͨապдѺ ͷ¡ѹ Һ (bract) ǧᴧ ͡⤹ С͡ȼ ǹ¡ ǻ (male bud) ҧ͡ д͡ȼ մ͡ ҧѹ 㹪ʹ͡Ъմ͡§͹ѹ 2 繴͡ ͡ҹԭ繼 ͡͡繪 աҺǧᴧ ͡⤹ ǹ͡ȼ


šԴҡ͡ ⤹ ͧ͡ 1 ԭ繼 ¡ 1 ʹ͡ԭ 1 ѧ鹡 1 Ҩ 2 - 3 ҡ 10 駹ѹСô Ţͧաԭͧѹ ֧ǹ˭


紡ѡɳС ҧѹբҴ˭ ͡˹ մ ºҧкҧѹҹ鹷

ҡ
кҡ ҡШ֧ 5.2 . ֡ҳ 75 . 价ҧҹҧҡҷҧǴ֡


㺡ѡɳ˭ դҧҳ 70 - 90 ૹ 1.7 - 2.5 ٻ㺢ͺҹ ⤹


èṡͧ

èṡͧ· 2 ҧ ṡԸաùҺ Шṡ ѡɳзҧѹء
. èṡԸաùҺ 2 ѡɳ˭
1. ¡Թʴ ͡ءöѺзҹѹ ͧҷء¤͹ءͨй ҹ ͧ
2. ͧҷء¤͹ ҹ ʹԺҡ ͤ͹ҧ ءѧǹͧҡҡ¡Թʴҡ ֧ͨ¹ ҹ ͧҵ ֧з ʪҵԴբ ¡ ѡء 纪ҧش
. èṡѡɳзҧѹء
.. 2489 ѡԪҡ ṡԴͧµѡԪҡ ա¡Դѹء (genome) ͧ繵ǡ˹㹡¡Դ Ǥ ·ѹ㹻Ѩغѹպþ§ 2 Դ ҹ » Сµҹա·աԴҡ»ը AA ·աԴҡµҹը BB ǹ·Դҡ١ͧ· 2 Դըᵡҧѹ öṡѧ
1. AA 繡·աԴҨҡ» ҨԴҡü㹪Դ (subspecies) ҧԴ ҨԴҡá¾ѹ ¡ѡբҴ ǹ˭
2. AAA 繡·աԴ ¡Ѻ AA աӹǹ (chromosome) 3 բҴ˭ҪԴá
3. AAB 繡١ҧ»ҡѺµҹ ͧ͢» 2 3 ͧ͢µҹ 1 3 ªԴҹ 駼ҧ դ˹ ҧԴѺзҹʴҧԴͧء ¡ªԴͧء (plantain)
4. ABB 繡١ҧ»ҡѺµҹ蹡ѹ ͧ͢»¡ͧ͢µҹաǤ ͧ͢»§ 1 3 ͧ͢µҹ 2 3 ͧ͢㹡ҡ ੾мŴԺ ŷءҧԴѺзҹʴҧԴҨнҴ ֧ҷء¤͹͹ з¢ ѡء
5. BBB 繡·աԴҨҡµҹ ѨغѹҡµҹժԴ͹ ѧ鹡¡ҨԴҡüѹѹҧԴǡѹ ͵ҧԴѹ ҨԴҡá¾ѹ ªԴҡʹԺʽҴҡ ء ͧҡ駻Сͺҡͧ ͹ҵҧ ʪҵԨҡ й
6. ABBB 繡·Դҡüҧ»ҡѺµҹ蹡ѹ 繡·ըӹǹҡ 4 ѧ鹨ռŢҴ˭ҡ 㹡誹ԴǤ ෾ ªԴͧ͢»§ 1 4 ͧ͢µҹ 3 4 ֧ҡ ŷءҹ
7. AABB ¡Դҡüҧ»ҡѺµҹͧ͢»˹ Сµҹա˹ ըҹǹ 4 Ũ֧բҴ˭


ҧ¾ѹҧ


ӵ٧ҳ 2.5 - 3.5 Ҵ鹼ҹٹҧҡ 20 ૹ ҹͧҧջա dzҧբçҹ ռ 1 ͨջҳ 4 - 5 лҳ 12 - 16 ç¼ըءǤ¹մ蹪Ѵ ͡ҧ ŴԺ ءͧͧ ͧ ʪҵҹ

¹
¹ӵ鹺Թٻçк͡ ٧ 2-9 ӵ鹻 ԴҡҺ͹ѹ ͡§¹Ѻѹ ٻͺҹ ͧ (lower epidermis) բǹ Ҵ˭ҧ 0.7-1.0 µѴ ͺº 鹡 (midrib) ըӹǹҡ ¡͡ҡ鹡ҧ㺷ͧҧ ҹѹ仨ͺ ҹ 1-2 ҹҧ ҹͧ ǹ⤹͡繡Һ (sheath)
͡ ͡繪ŧ ¡ǻ 30-150 . ҹ͡ (peduncle) ͡¡繴͡ȼ (staminate flower) (pistillate flower) ͡ѡ͹ҧͧ ͡繡 繪ʹ͡ СͧѺ㺻дѺ (bract) Ҵ˭ǧᴧ 觵Դ᡹ҧ ͡Ẻ§¹Ѻѹ ͡բҴ˭ ٻçк͡ պ͡¡͡ 3-5 ᩡ õǼó 5 ѹ ҹõǼ (filament) Ѻóٻͺҹ 2 ѧԴ պ͡ 3 ͧ Ъͧ͹ӹǹҡԴͧЪͧ õ鹴 ʹõ¤͹ҧ 6 ʴࡹ 10 . ٻçк͡ Դѹ ͡˹
͹ ءҹ ͧ բͧ͢ Ѻзҹ ͹ҧ 駪ʹ͡ԭ繼¡


繼оתعèӾǡ ӵ٧ҳ 2.5 Ҵ鹼ҹٹҧҳ 15-20 ૹ ٻǹ͢ ͧҧ ҹͧ ⤹ҹջաժ dzʹ͡բ͹ ǹ 1 ջҳ 6-7 1 ռŻҳ 12-14 Ŵ¡ѹ 繼ŷ͹ҧ ͡ҧ ءͧ ͼŧҨըش л ʪҵҹ

͹ҧ
͹ҧӵ٧Թ 2.5 鹼ٹҧ¡ 15 ૹ Һӵ鹴ҹ͡ժᴧ ջд˹ ҹժᴧ ҹժᴧ 㺵駢 ͧҧ ջա ժᴧ ҹʹ͡բ 㺻дѺٻ͹ҧ ǹ͢鹻 ҹᴧǧ ҹҧᴧմ ͡Ǽشǧѧҡ㺻дѺǧ ͡Ǽդ ͡ժ͹ ͧ ҹõµç õǼդǡõ պ˭ͧ͹ ͧ պ ѡ ͪ͡ҧҹҧ ˹ 7-8 ˹ 10-16 ҧ 2-2.5 ૹ ٻ駧ͻ ҹ ͡˹ ء¹ͧͧ ѧաҹõµԴ ͧ ҹ ͹ҧ١ᶺҤ ੾ШѧѴ Ѩغѹ١ ǹѧҹ 繡·ʪҵԴժԴ˹

§Ҫҧ
ӵ٧ 2 - 2.5 鹼ҹٹҧҳ 15 ૹ Һӵ ҹͧҹ㺻Դ 秩աҴ ͡繷çк͡ 鹼ҹٹҧ 6 - 7 ૹ 20 - 25 ૹ Һǧ͹ չҡ ˹觨ӹǹŹ բҴ˭ҡ šҧ 5 - 6 ૹ 25 - 30 ૹ Ѻзҹʴ͡ǹԴ ͹ͨ˹Ǣ ªԴ͡ͻըش §Ҫҧ͡ 1-3 1 Ҩ¡ 㹻ѡ? 1յ 1 ըջҳ 10-12 ١ 繡·ռ任١дѺ§ 繾ѹš ҡԴ˹

¹ҡ
¹ҡ ͡¡ 繡·辺ҧҤ ѡɳТͧǧᴧ ᴧǧ ѡɳӵ ӵ٧ҳ 3 - 4 鹼ҹٹҧӵ 18 - 22 ૹ Һ㺴ҹ͡ǻᴧᴧǧ ǹҺ㺴ҹժ ǹͧӵ鹨ջᴧᶺ ҹ㺢ͧ¹ҡ͡¡駨ժٻᴧ ͧԴ ͧժ ͧ͡¹ҡѡɳ繻ٻ ᴧǧ ҺԴǹ͢ ˹ͧ¹ҡ͡¡駨 5 - 7 ˹ 14 - 18 Ţͧ¹ҡѡɳТͧš ¡Ѻš դǼ 12 - 14 ૹ ҧ 3 - 4 ૹ Ţͧ¹ҡ͡¡ʹԺᴧʴ Ѵᴧ ءᴧͧ ͼͧ ҹ ա

¹ä
ӵ٧ 2.5 - 3.5 鹼ҹٹҧҳ 15 ૹ Һҹ͡ ҹͧ ҹ ͧԴ ˭ٻᴧǧ ҹբ ˹ 10 - 12 ˹ 20 - 24 ǹ¡ ͡˹ բҴҹҧ ءͧͧ ͼͧ ҹ

¹
ӵ ӵ٧Թ 3.5 鹼ҹٹҧӵҡ 15 ૹ Һӵҹ͡ ջմӻҹҧ ç⤹ ҹ㺻Դͧ᤺ҡ ջաǻ͹ 鹡ҧ ǹͧʹ͡鹡ҹ͡բ 㺻дѺٻ͹ҧ ǹ ҹǧᴧ չҡ ҹҧᴧ §ͧ㺻дѺ͹ѹ֡
ŧ ˹ջҳ 7-8 բ ˹ 10-16 բҴ˭ҡѡء դǻҳ 20 ૹ ըء˭աҹõԴ ᵡ§ҷ駷ҧТҧ ءͧ ҹ

¹
ӵ ӵ٧ҳ 2.5 鹼ҹٹҧͧӵҡ 15 ૹ Һӵҹ͡ջմ ⤹ժᴧ ҹ㺵 ͧҧ ջաժ 鹡ҧժᴧ ҹʹ͡բ 㺻дѺٻ͹ҧ մҹǧᴧ մҹҧիմ 㺻дѺǹ §ͧ㺻дѺ͹ѹѡ ʹ͡մ͡ҹ
Ҵ§Ѻѹ ¼ըءѡաҹõµԴ ͡˹ ءͧ ըش ¡ ͧʪҵҹ

ѡء
ѡء աҺҹͧ͡ӵ繨شմ硹 ǹҺ͹ բҴ鹼ҹٹҧͧӵ鹻ҳ 15 . դ٧ҳ 2.5-3.5 ѡɳٻͺҹҴ˭ ⤹ ͺº ҹҧչբǻ ͧҹ㺤͹ҧ᤺դպ ҹ͹ ͡͡繪բ ѡɳТͧդ͹ҧǹ͢ ҹչŻ˹ ǹҹҧᴧ
ѡءբҴ˭ ͡˹ ¼պŧ ҹ ءСͧӵ չŻҧ˹ 㹼 ѡء˹ ҳ 7 ըռҳ 10-16 ªԴҡ任俨зաѺзҹ觢


෾ ӵ٧ 3.5-4 鹼ٹҧӵҡ 15 . Һӵ鹴ҹ͡ջ鹴Ӻҧ չźҧ ҹ͹ ҹͧ᤺ դպ չ 㺤͹ҧ˹ ҹʹ͡ բ 㺻дѺͷ¡ѹҡҺ ٻҧ͹ҧ ҹᴧǧ չ ҹҧᴧմ ҧջը֧ժ¡ա »” ˹ 5-7 ˹ջҳ 11 ѡɳмŤ¡ѡءҡ Ѵਹ ҧ 6-7 . 18-20 . ҹ ŴԺءͧ ءͧ ʪҵҹ

¾ˡء
ӵ٧ 2.5 - 3 鹼ҹٹҧҳ 15 ૹ Һҹ͡͹ ջ鹴 ҹ͹ ⤹ҹջ鹴 ҹ ͡ǻ ҹ͡ᴧǧ ҹᴧ͡ҺԴǹ͢ ˹ 5 - 7 ˹ 10 - 15 ѡɳмŤ¡¹ ͡ѹᵡ ͼբ ҹ ա硹

µҹ
ӵ٧ 3.5 - 4 鹼ҹٹҧҳ 20 ૹ ǹͧ鹡ҧ ҹʹ͡բ ٻҧ ҹᴧǧ չ ҹҧᴧʴ ͡Һաҧ鹨ǹ Һ㺫ѹ֡ ˹ջҳ 8 ˹ 10 - 14 ŻҴ˭Ѵਹ · ҹ ͹շ͹ ءͧ ҹ ըӹǹҡ մ ѧ˹

¹
ӵ٧ 5 - 6 鹼ҹٹҧҡ 30 ૹ ⤹ӵ˭ Һӵ鹴ҹ͡͹ ջдӺҧ硹 ҹ͹ չ˹ ǹͧ㺡ҹͧԴ 鹡ҧ ҹʹ͡բ ʹ͡˭ ŧç֧ٴͧš㺻дѺ繡Һҧ ͺҹش͡ҡ ѡɳǹǹ ӹǹŵҡ ҡ մ˭ ҹ չ ҨСԹͧѺзҹ١ еͧءҵǤѺзҹ


û١Сôѡҡ

û١
繾תͺҡ͹ СѺû١㹻 ҡسԵӡ 14 ͧ ¨ЪЧѡԭԺ աԺ⵪ŧ 駡͡͡еԴŨЪҴ ͹ 繾ת˭ ѧ鹨֧·ç 㺨еҹ ᵡ ҡᵡҡ繽 зաѧ ԭҷ ѧ鹶Ҿ鹷çҡ û١蹷ǡѹ鹡
ԹѺû١ ԹС͹ùӷǺҹ¡ ԹŷŔ 繴Թǹդشóաк¹ Сع¹ҡȴ ҴԹ繴Թ˹ ¤͡ зԹǹ觢

л١
繾ת ҡ١ѹҡ Ҩ¡ѹ ͫ͹ѹ Ѻʧᴴ§ дӺҡ á˹л١֧äӹ֧֧ͧʧᴴ شóͧԹ Фͧâͧ١ҵͧû١ǡ ҡͧ§ǡҨ١ ҵͧ ͧ١ҧѹվ鹷Ѻᵡ˹ û١еҧ ѹ ӹǹҡᵡҧѹ

ҧ x ҧ ()
ӹǹ
1 x 3
530
1.5 x 3
330
2 x 3
260
2 x 4
200
3 x 3
175
4 x 4
100

û١
شբҴҧ 50 ૹ ֡ 50 ૹ ӴԹشͧҡ 5 - 7 ѹѧҡҴԹ鹺ҡŧ仡 ¤͡ͻѡµ ٧һҳ 20 ૹ ءһ¤͡ͻѡѺԹ鹺ŧ Ǩ֧˹͡·ҧçҧ ҴԹҧź ô СԹ ʹͧ˹ͤ٧дѺԹҳ 10 ૹ ѹŢͧ˹㹷ȷҧǡѹ еԴ ŨԴ㹷ȷҧçѹѺ 㹷ȷҧǡѹ дǡ㹡÷ӧҹ ҡ繵鹷Դҡ§ շȷҧͧ 㹡ҧ鹨֧繵ͧշȷҧ ҡ鹷繴Թ˹ ÷ӡ¡ͧк¹л١ѹͧ 2 ҧ ûԺѵԧҹ ҧ˹͡价ҧҧͧ

áӨѴ˹
͵鹡 4 - 6 ͹ աᵡ˹ ˹ͷԴ¡ ˹͵ ( follower)ºҧѹ˹ҡ ˹͡ҧ ˹èҡ ˹ 1 -2 ˹ 繵Ǿاç ǼżԵ㹻յ ԸաáӨѴ˹Ҩմŧ մѴ ͤҹ˹ͷ˹ʹԹ ѹҴ áӨѴѪתʹdzشԭ աԭ繵 ˹ҧ͡͡ еҨз͹ ͡ҡáҨѴ˹ õѴ㺷͡жҷҨä 1 ҳ 7- 12


繾תͧøҵҡ õԴŨҡ͹ ѺйӷѺ ѧ鹤úا 駻¤͡ͻѡ л ١ á·ਹҡ㹪ǧ 2 ͹á ͹Ф ͹ 3 4 ٵ 15 - 15 - 15 1-2š ǹ͹ 5 6 ٵ 13 - 13 - 21 1-2 š

äѹ
ºҧѹռŴҡ ըӹǹҡм˭ 鹷բҴҡ Ҩѡ ͧ 繵ͧӺdz⤹͡ 蹷է


¨͡͡صҧѹԴͧ ͡͡ػҳ 5 -6 ͹ Сͧ͡͡ ҳ 6 - 7 ͹ ǹ¹ Сѡءҹҹ мŨҷҧѹ


㹡ԭ֧Ǣͧš¾ѹҧ
ѹ
ӹǹѻѧᷧ
6 - 8
13 - 15
¹
14 - 16
ѡء
14 - 16

äا
ҡ١͡͡ ÷ӡäا ا繶اʵԡտҢҴ˭ ǡ͡ Դҡا ҡȶ ҡлԴҡا Ҩ

ԭԺⵢͧСôѡ
繾תԭԺ㹻 ѧ鹻ѭҡû١ǡµ¨֧ҡͺ ѧҡǹŧ˹͡ ˹͡¡ԭԺ仵ӴѺ Сҡ¨͡Ź 㺡¨շҳ 60-70 (᤺) ҳ 10 㺡ҧҳ 35-50 ҡ鹨֧Դʹ͡ (͡) 㺡60-70 㺹 仵ب㺷çԹ 10-50 ͧ㺨Դҡҧӵ 㺷ԴФ㺡ҧ͡ Դͧ㹷ء 7 ѹ ͡ԭԺ ж֧ҡ¨ԭԺ㹺ҹ ǹҪվеͧ»ǹ¢ͧԭԺ仵ҵ 駹С÷ǹԧáԨ繵ͧӹ֧֧ͧúاѡǹ·ŧعš÷ҡشҷз ѧѧҡû١ Ңͧǹеͧاѡͧҧ ҹ仾 ѹ
1.תʴؤԹ
ͧҡ繾תͧùҡ ѧ鹡纡ѡԹդ֧ͨͧҧѺǹҪվ ԸѡҤ鹢ͧԹ餧Ը 蹤 û١תԹͺ ǹ 觾תԹáöԭԺ㹷ᴴ ǹԸդԹ繸ҵ 㺵ͧ駷͡͡Ҩҡӵ Ѵǹ ⤹鹡¹ͧ
2.áӨѴѪתẺǹԹ

¹繾תҡдѺǴԹШͺ ҧкҡ ѧ㹡áӨѴѪתͧѴѧԸաþǹԹ索Ҵ ԸնҧӤѭ
3.ӡѴҳ˹͡

ҵԢͧ ԭԺóǡᵡ˹͹ ˹͹Էҡ֡麷ػ ҡջҳҡ仡ŴżԵͧ·㹻Ѩغѹ͹Ҥ˵ع÷˹͡·͹˹ͷҡԹ仨֧觨ѺǹҪվеͧաáӨѴӹǹ˹͡͹·شҷй
Ըա÷˹͡ ͧ˹㹪ǧդ٧Թ 1 ѧ˹ͷ з͹ ԸաáӨѴ˹͡Ը
1. ش ǢشҴҡ
2. Ҵ˹ʹմ
3. Ҵ˹Ǥҹǹʹͧ˹ͨشԭ͡
4.õѴ㺡
ͧҡ㺡¨ԭԺ͡͡駵Դӵ ǹеͧ͡Һ еѴ㺡·ͷӷä͡ õѴ㺡 ѡ Թ 50 õѴ͡ 駹 50 ջª㹡÷˹ҷا
5.ô͡
͡ԭԺ żԵ¡͡͵Դ ͡µԴšҺըش ҡµԴǡҺѧش Ңͧǹе֧ͧҺ͡ բѧࡵաҧ˹Ѻǹ ͡͡ ҹõѡԴ¼š µԴ駴ӤҼšҧ õ¹зšյ˹ ֧ô֧͡µšѧ ֧͡͡ش ǹеͧѴǻ͡ 繡ûͧѹԴä Ңͧǹéմҡѹ㹷ѹ

6.äا
äا (Bagging) ͷǹ¡ ç¹ջª 2 ҧǡѹ
1.šǢ
2.ͧѹŧѵԹ
äا繡ä اʵԡ١ҧҳ 2 ૹ ҧҳ 7.5 ૹ »»¶اԴ

7.纼żԵ
¹Ѵռš ҡѧʴѧ ҧԪҡաèѴҵðҹͧ ѧࡵҡͧš 駹
Full ¶֧ š· 100 · ẺŨС
Full 3/4 ¶֧ ŷ͹ šѡɳйҳ 90
Light Full 3/4 ¶֧ š·Ѵਹ ҳ 80
Light 3/4 ¶֧ š·բҴ˹觢ͧŷ դҳ 70
8.纡
Է ǹеѴ͡ ҡ鹹仾ѡ㹷ѧ͡ҨѴ觵


äŧӤѭͧ

ä㺨ش (Leaf spot)
ä㺨ش ªԴ äԡⵡͧ ૻ㺨ش 㺨شմ 㺨شչӵ 㺨شա äԴҡҵҧԴѹ
ǹ˭ä辺㹡ͧ äૻ 㺨ش Դҡ Phaeoseptoria musae ѡɳҡä Դ繨ش硢Ҵش չӵŴ ٻҧͤŵçҧչӵ͹ ͺᶺչӵ ͺͧ͡ äкҴ þ蹴ູ 10 ͹ 20 Ե
ä㺨ش辺աԴ äԡⵡͧ Դҡ Cercospora musae ѡɳҡ Դش ͧ Ҩش˭ 繢մͧҹ仵㺢Ҵͧⵢ ٻҧ͹çҧչӵŻ Ҿä㺨شҹõѴ㺷ʴҡâͧäҷ о㺷ʹ¤ູҫ 16 ͹ 20 Ե

ä¾ (Panama disease Fusarium wilt)
Դҡ Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Cubense ҷҡ աԭ㹷͹ Դشѹ 㺨֧ҡâҴ ¹ͧ ѡѺ ԭЪЧѡѹ е㹷ش äöкҴ价ҧԹ ѧ鹵鹷㹺dz鹨ж١ä ֧÷ӤҴ⤹͡ á ӷҧк¹Ҵ᤻᷹ 40 ͹ 20 Ե

ǧǧ (stock weevil)
ǧǧҷ·ҡ˧ҡ 鹡ªЧѡԭԺ е㹷ش öҧdz⤹ͧ͡Ҵ áѪת

˹͹ǹ (leaf roller)
ͨҧʹѧ ѧҡпѡ繵͹ԭ͹ѧǹ ˹͹СѴԹ͹ پع ͩաҴ ǹҧǴ ֧õѴ㺷١

ɵԹҡ 2,385 ¡ Ըշշش㹡Թ ;Թҷҹͧ㹪ͧԹ


( 2 ¡ )

80Ѻ..

Թ A65

80 Ѻ..

͹ 80% SC

ѹԵ : 2014-11-26

1 Ҥһա ԡ
LINE @allkaset Ҥ觤ԡ
 ꡫ80Ѻ..

Թ A56

ꡫ 80 Ѻ..

շչ 80% WG

ѹԵ : 2016-06-28


1 Ҥһա ԡ
LINE @allkaset Ҥ觤ԡ